Population Health Resources

1 . Preventing Chronic Disease MATCH Essay Collection

Based in part on a proposed “pay-for-population-health” performance system advanced in 2006 (Kindig D. A pay-for-population health performance system. JAMA 2006;296(21):2611-3), the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation commissioned 24 essays to critique the assumptions underlying such a system and to suggest approaches for overcoming potential barriers to its implementation in the categories of metrics, incentives, and partnerships.  We worked with these authors, MATCH and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation staff, and several guests in a 2-day meeting in late 2009 in Madison to discuss the essays and develop an agenda for future practice and research activities for improving population health. The CDC journal Preventing Chronic Disease published each set in three consecutive issues, and then produced a single e-collection. It remains relevant today as a virtual free population health textbook. The table of contents and all of the articles can be accessed here. https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/collections/pdf/PCD_MATCH_2010_web.pdf


In the summers of 2017 I hosted a Population Health “Boot Camp” for a second year medical student and a small group of staff in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Population Health Institute. Of course there is no precise way to identify the most important contributions to this literature…any selection will have substantial personal bias. The only similar effort I am aware of was done by the faculty of the Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars program in 2016 titled “What is Population Health Research” (http://www.healthandsocietyscholars.org/143124/143629), but this was not widely disseminated.  During this COVID isolation time I put together my own list…of course including many identified by HSS. I hope it will mainly be useful to new scholars and faculty members who may not be fully aware of the late 20th century origins (some would say rediscovery) of the field 30 or 40 years ago.  As the list got longer, and since population health requires choices, I marked with an asterisk(*) those I would choose in a Boot Camp if limited in time to only 12.

3. National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine Population Health Roundtable 

In 2012 my colleague George Isham and I founded this Roundtable, with senior NASEM staff Rose Martinez and Alina Baciu. Over the past 7 years this Roundtable has sponsored a large number of Workshops on many population health topics….another virtual free and ongoing textbook for the field. The list of topics can be found here, and the link to videos and reports and other Roundtable resources is here:


4. Population Health Performance Index (PHPI) Interactive Tool

National and state health goals are often framed in terms of improving the overall health of the population (often measured as a mean) and reducing disparities within the population. We created a Population Health Performance Index (PHPI) for US states, which combines performance on both the population mean and disparity for two measures: infant mortality by race and unhealthy days by education. We report PHPI values assuming that mean and disparity are equally important but allow users to see how the results change if either mean or disparity are considered more important. We hope that the PHPI metric will be useful to state and national policy makers and others as they evaluate performance on these two population health outcome and disparity measures. We also provide detailed information about our methodology for those who wish to extend this approach to other measures of interest. The interactive tool can be accessed here:


and the published manuscript here:

David Kindig, Nicholas Lardinois, Yukiko Asada and John Mullahy. Considering mean and inequality health outcomes together: the population health performance index. International Journal for Equity in Health(2018) 17:25.

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